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Golden Yarrow
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Eriophyllum confertiflorum

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About Golden Yarrow (Eriophyllum confertiflorum) Golden Yarrow is a flowering plant in the daisy family which is also known by the common name yellow yarrow. This is a highly variable plant which is generally a small shrub. It is native to California from the San Franciso Bay Area to San Diego County and Baja California, as well as the foothills of the Sierras. It can be found in a number of plant communities and habitats including chaparral, coastal sage shrub, and southern oak woodland. The plant grows in large clumps or stands of many erect stems often exceeding half a meter in height. It has greenish to gray-green stems and foliage, the leaves sharply lobed and divided. The top of each stem is occupied by a flower cluster of up to 30 flower heads, each bright golden yellow head with a large center of disc florets and usually a fringe of rounded to oval ray florets. Its long blooming season makes it welcome in the garden. The fruit is an achene with a very short pappus. It is quite cold tolerant but will become deciduous under drought stress.
Plant Description
Plant Type
Annual herb, Perennial herb

Max. Height
1.6 - 2.3 ft (0.49 - 0.7 m)

Max. Width
1.5 ft (0.5 m)

Upright Columnar

Growth Rate

Summer Semi-Deciduous, Winter Deciduous

Flower Color

Flowering Season
Spring, Summer, Winter

Native Status

Natural Setting
Site Type
Openings in woodlands or shrublands, in a variety of settings from coastal bluffs to inland hills and canyons


Elevation ?
0' - 11399'

Annual Precip. ?
3.8" - 119.3"

Summer Precip. ?
0.14" - 4.07"

Coldest Month ?
19.6° F - 58.2° F

Hottest Month ?
41.1° F - 86.9° F

Humidity ?
0.42 vpd - 37.96 vpd

Soil Description
Tolerates clay soil

Soil PH
5.0 - 8.0

Soil Toxicity Tolerance
Tolerates Sodic Soil

Medium, Slow

Cold Tolerance(° F)
Tolerates cold to 5° F

Wildlife Attracted
Very attractive to pollinators, especially butterflies

Landscaping Information
Ease of Care
Moderately Easy

Water Requirement ?
Very Low
Extremely Low
Very Low
Moderate - High

Very Popular

Max. Summer Water ?
No Summer Water
Keep moist

Organic with Rocks

Deadhead to extend blooming

Propagation ?
By seeds or cuttings

Common uses
Deer Resistant, Butterfly Gardens, Bee Gardens

Nursery Availability
Commonly Available

Other Names
Common Names
Yellow Yarrow, Golden-yarrow

Sources include: Wikipedia. All text shown in the "About" section of these pages is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Plant observation data provided by the participants of the California Consortia of Herbaria, Sunset information provided by Jepson Flora Project. Propogation from seed information provided by the Santa Barbara Botanical Garden from "Seed Propagation of Native California Plants" by Dara E. Emery. Sources of plant photos include CalPhotos, Wikimedia Commons, and independent plant photographers who have agreed to share their images with Calscape. Other general sources of information include Calflora, CNPS Manual of Vegetation Online, Jepson Flora Project, Las Pilitas, Theodore Payne, Tree of Life, The Xerces Society, and information provided by CNPS volunteer editors, with special thanks to Don Rideout. Climate data used in creation of plant range maps is from PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University, using 30 year (1981-2010) annual "normals" at an 800 meter spatial resolution.

Links:   Jepson eFlora Taxon Page  CalPhotos  Wikipedia  Calflora

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